Influenza Vaccination of the Health Care
The Influenza Vaccination of the Health Care Workforce Project focuses on how state laws address influenza vaccination among health care workers (HCW) in the United States.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that all health care workers (HCWs) receive an annual influenza vaccination. Additionally, the Healthy People objectives established a coverage rate for HCW influenza vaccination of 90% by 2020.
Available project materials include:
- Comprehensive Literature Review
- Analysis of State Laws that Address Mandatory Influenza Vaccination of HCWs
- Model State Law
- Interactive Map: A broad graphic analysis of research findings including links to charts for each state.
DEFINITION OF HCW
For the purposes of this project, HCW is defined as: all persons, whether paid or unpaid, including but not limited to employees, staff, contractors, clinicians, emergency medical technicians, ambulance drivers, volunteers, students, trainees, clergy, home health care providers, dietary and housekeeping staff, and others whose occupational activities involve direct or indirect contact with patients or contaminated material in a health care, home health care, or clinical laboratory setting.
DEFINITION OF A HEALTH CARE SETTING
For the purposes of this project, "health care setting" is defined as: settings that include, but are not limited to acute care hospitals, adult day programs or facilities, ambulatory surgical facilities, child day care facilities, correctional facilities, home health care agencies, hospices, intermediate care facilities, long-term care facilities, nursing homes, outpatient clinics, physicians' offices, rehabilitation centers, residential health care facilities, skilled nursing facilities, urgent care centers, dialysis centers, and occupational health centers.
ELEMENTS OF THE MODEL LAW
The model law incorporates six essential elements of a mandatory vaccination policy, including: 1) a broad definition of the affected employee; 2) a broad definition of the affected employer; 3) health care employer obligations; 4) an identified exemption policy; 5) health care worker obligations; and 6) an identified standard of care.
Project staff will collaborate with state and local policymakers, program administrators and others to update or modify existing policies. Researchers support coalitions that increase HCW flu vaccination; develop state case studies to build evidence to support policy changes; draft and present testimony before legislators; conduct public health analyses; and develop educational materials for interested stakeholders.