James Tielsch TabsBio James M. Tielsch is Professor and Chair of the Department of Global Health at the George Washington University Milken Institute School of Public Health. Dr. Tielsch also holds an Adjunct Professor appointment in the Department of International Health at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. A graduate of the University of Washington and the Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Professor Tielsch has been engaged in epidemiologic research and service in a number of areas both domestically and internationally. He began his career documenting the burden of ocular disease and blindness in inner city Baltimore and in various low income countries around the world. He transitioned to applying experimental designs to test new interventions for blindness prevention in order to inform practice and policy. The expansion of vitamin A deficiency, a topic on which he has worked for over 20 years, from a strictly ophthalmologic issue to one of child health and survival prompted another transition to research in the areas of maternal, neonatal and child health with a focus on micronutrient malnutrition, infectious disease, and environmental health in low income countries. Dr. Tielsch has been the recipient of numerous national awards, served on a number of advisory committees for the US government and international agencies, and on the board of non-profit organizations involved in public health. He has published extensively in the scientific literature and maintains an active research program overseas. ExpertiseExpertise: EpidemiologyGlobal HealthMaternal and Child HealthChildren's HealthNutritionUnderserved PopulationsEducation: Ph.D. 1982, Johns Hopkins University, School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland EpidemiologyM.H.Sc. 1979, Johns Hopkins University, School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland EpidemiologyB.S. 1973, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington Cell and Molecular Biology Teaching: PubH 6400 Global Health Frameworks PubH 6563 Global Child Health PubH 6495 Field Trial Methods and Application (together with Drs Baird and Muz) Community Service: American Academy of Ophthalmology - Glaucoma National Scientific Advisory Board, 1992-2000 Chairman, Subcommittee on Referral Criteria Development - Task Force on Eye Care Costs Study, Consultant, 1992-1993 - Cataract Outcomes Task Force, Consultant, 1994-1996 - Eye Serve Project, National Advisory Committee, 1996 - Eye Health and Public Information Task Force, 2001-2004 Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation - Ad-hoc reviewer, 2008, 2016. Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves, UN Foundation - Health Working Group, core member, 2010 - 2013. Health Volunteers Overseas - Board of Directors, 2016 - present. Helen Keller International - Board of Directors, 2020 - present. International Vitamin A Consultative Group - Task Force for Evaluation of Vitamin A Intervention Programs, Member, 1984. Joint Health Venture, Board of Directors, 1977. (Los Angeles based non-profit health education and advocacy organization.) Los Angeles Inter-Agency Council on Smoking and Health, Member, 1976. Maryland Society for Sight - Adult Program Professional Advisory Committee, Chairman, 1991-2002. Medical Research Council, United Kingdom Ad hoc Grant Reviewer, 2012. National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health - External Advisory Board, Global Network for Women’s and Children’s Health Research, 2013 – present. National Eye Institute, National Institutes of Health - National Eye Health Education Program, Applied Research Working Group, Member, 1990. - National Eye Advisory Council Subcommittee on Vision Research Program Planning, Health Services Research Working Group, 1997 Center for Scientific Review, National Institutes of Health - Epidemiology and Disease Control Study Section, 1987-1988, 1992, 2000, 2002 - Visual Sciences Study Section B, Ad-hoc Reviewer, 1992 - NICHD Special Emphasis Panel ZHD1, 2002 - NEI Special Emphasis Panel ZEY1 VSN, 2013, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020 National Institute for Health Research, National Health Service, United Kingdom - Ad hoc Grant Reviewer, 2007 National Research Council - Board on Science and Technology for International Development, Ad hoc Reviewer, 1988 Prevent Blindness-America - Board of Directors, 1991 - 1997, 1998 – 2004, 2005 - 2008 (Vice Chair, 1993 - 1997; 2000 - 2004) - Vision Screening Training and Certification Coordinating Committee, 1994 - 1998 (Chair, 1994 - 1998) - Community Programs Committee, 1994 - 2004 (Chair, 1994 - 2004) - Strategic Planning Committee, 1993 - 2004 - Scientific Advisory Committee, 1991 – 2008 (Chair, 2004 – 2008) - Glaucoma Advisory Committee, 1986 - 2004 - Advisory Board for Glaucoma Alert in the Black Community Program, 1985-1986 Research Council of Norway - Center of Excellence program reviewer 2011, 2012. Save the Children USA - Technical Review Committee, Impact of Community-Based Treatment of Neonatal Infection on Neonatal Mortality in Rural Sidamo and East Showa Ethiopia, 2011 – 2012. Singapore National Medical Research Council Grant reviewer 2006, 2009, 2011, 2012, 2014 Singapore Eye Research Institute, Singapore Malay Eye Study - External Advisory Board, 2004 – 2013. Sola Corporation - National Advisory Board for EyeQ Magazine, Member, 1996 - 1999 The Wellcome Trust - Ad hoc Reviewer, 1993 - 1996 Thrasher Research Foundation - Ad hoc Reviewer, 2007, 2013 United States Department of Energy - Ad hoc Reviewer, 1994 University Research Corporation, TRAction Project - Technical Advisory Group on Clean Indoor Air, 2011-2014. University of California, San Francisco - Data and Safety Monitoring Board, Steroids and Cross-Linking for Ulcer Treatment II Trial (SCUT II), member, 2019 – present. University of North Carolina, Trichiasis Surgery Incision Height Trial - Data and Safety Monitoring Board, 2016 - present. University of Southern California, Department of Ophthalmology, Los Angeles Latino Eye Survey - Data Monitoring and Oversight Committee, 1999 - 2008 World Health Organization Informal Consultation on the Use of Chemotherapy for the Control of Morbidity Due to Soil Transmitted Nematodes, Geneva, May 1996. WHO/UNICEF Technical Consultation on Neonatal Vitamin A Supplementation Research Priorities, Geneva, December, 2008. WHO Newborn Vitamin A Supplementation Research Meeting, Geneva, April, 2014. WHO Technical Consultation on Improving Antenatal and Postnatal Care, Geneva, April, 2014. WHO Chlorhexidine Technical Workshop, Geneva, July, 2017. Zhongshan Angle-Closure Prevention Study - Data Safety and Monitoring Board (chair), 2008 - 2017. ResearchResearch: My research focuses on two major areas: interventions to improve maternal and child health and survival in low income countries, and blindness prevention in both the US and the developing world. For the past 20+ years, my primary field site has been in southern Nepal, but I have been involved in research in underserved areas of the US, India, the Philippines, Indonesia, Singapore, Malawi, Ethiopia, Zanzibar, and Zimbabwe. PublicationsPublications: See my CV for a full list of publications. Below are selected publications from the last 5 years. Visscher M, Summers A, Narendran V, Khatry SK, Sherchand JB, LeClerq SC, Katz J, Tielsch JM, Mullany LC. Birthweight and environmental conditions impact skin barrier adaptation in neonates receiving natural oil massage. Biomedicine Hub (accepted for publication). Perchetti GA, Wilcox N, Chu HY, Katz J, Khatry SK, LeClerq SC, Jerome KR, Tielsch JM, Englund JA, Kuypers J. Human metapneumovirus infections and genotyping of infants in rural Nepal. Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society 2020, doi:10.1093/jpids/piaa118. Bryce E, Mullany LC, Khatry SK, Tielsch JM, LeClerq SC, Katz J. Coverage of the WHO’s four essential elements of newborn care and their association with neonatal survival in southern Nepal. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth (accepted for publication). Clark DR, Omer SB, Tapia MD, Nunes MC, Cutland CL, Tielsch JM, Wairagkar N, Madhi SA, for BMGF Supported Maternal Influenza Immunization Trials Investigators Group. Influenza or Meningococcal Immunization During Pregnancy and Mortality in Women and Infants: A Pooled Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal 2020; 39:641-644. Newman K, Stewart L, Scott EM, Tielsch JM, Englund JA, Khatry SK, Mullany LC, LeClerq SC, Shrestha L, Kuypers JM, Chu HY, Katz J. Assessment of indirect protection from maternal influenza immunization among non-vaccinated household family members in a randomized controlled trial in Sarlahi, Nepal. Vaccine (accepted for publication). Keller, JP, Katz J, Pokhrel AK, Bates MN, Tielsch J Zeger SL. A hierarchical model for estimating the exposure-response curve by combining multiple studies of acute lower respiratory infections in children and household fine particulate matter air pollution. Environmental Epidemiology 2020; 6:e119. doi: 10.1097/EE9.0000000000000119. Wallin AR, Tielsch JM, Khatry SK, Mullany L, Englund J, Chu H, LeClerq SC, Katz J. Nausea, vomiting and poor appetite during pregnancy and adverse birth outcomes in rural Nepal: an observational cohort study. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth (accepted for publication). Visscher M, Summers A, Narendran V, Khatry SK, Sherchand JB, LeClerq SC, Katz J, Tielsch JM, Mullany LC. Physiological Changes in Neonatal Skin After Routine Oil Massage in Rural Nepal. Journal of Global Health Reports (accepted for publication). Emanuels A, Hawes SE, Newman KL, Martin E, Englund JA, Tielsch JM, Kuypers J, Katz J, Khatry SK, LeClerq SC, Chu HY. Respiratory viral coinfection in a birth cohort of infants in rural Nepal. Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses (accepted for publication). Katz J, Tielsch JM, Khatry SK, Shrestha L, Breysse P, Zeger S, Kozuki N, Checkley W, LeClerq SC, Mullany LC. Impact of improved biomass and liquidized petroleum gas stoves on birth outcomes in rural Nepal: results of two randomized trials. Journal of Global Health Science and Practice. 2020;8(3). https://doi.org/10.9745/GHSP-D-20-00011 . Omer SB, Clark DR, Madhi SA, Tapia MD, Nunes MC, Cutland CL, Simões EAF, Aqil AR, Katz J, Tielsch JM, Steinhoff MC, Wairagkar N, for BMGF Supported Maternal Influenza Immunization Trials Investigators Group. Efficacy, duration of protection, birth outcomes, and growth associated with influenza vaccination in pregnancy: pooled analysis of three randomized-controlled trials. Lancet Respiratory Medicine 2020; 8:597-608. doi:10.1016/S2213-2600(19)30479-5. Newman KL, Gustafson K, Englund JA, Khatry SK, LeClerq SC, Tielsch JM, Katz J, Chu HY. Risk of respiratory infection following diarrhea among adult women and infants in Nepal. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 2020; 102: 28-30, doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.19-0405. PMID: 31769386 Kuypers J, Perchetti GA, Chu HY, Newman KL, Katz J, Khatry SK, LeClerq SC, Jerome KR, Tielsch JM, Englund JA. Phylogenetic characterization of human rhinoviruses from infants in Sarlahi, Nepal. Journal of Medical Virology 2019; 91(12):2108-2116. doi: 10.1002/jmv.25563. PMID: 31389049. Summers A, Visscher MO, Khatry SK, Sherchand JB, LeClerq SC, Katz J, Tielsch JM, Mullany LC. Impact of sunflower oil massage on skin condition and measures of skin barrier function among newborns in rural Nepal: a community-based, cluster randomized trial. BMC Pediatrics 2019; 19: 512 doi:10.1186/s12887-019-1871-2. PMID: 31870338 Emanuels A, Hawes SE, Newman KL, Martin E, Englund JA, Tielsch JM, Kuypers J, Katz J, Khatry SK, LeClerq SC, Chu HY. Respiratory viral coinfection in a birth cohort of infants in rural Nepal. Open Forum Infectious Diseases 2019; Supplement, Vol. 6, pS797-S798. Murenjekwa W, Makasi R, Ntozini R, Chasekwa B, Mutasa K, Moulton LH, Tielsch JM, Humphrey JH, Smith LE, Prendergast AJ, Bourke CD, for the SHINE Trial Team. Determinants of urogenital schistosomiasis among pregnant women and its association with pregnancy outcomes, neonatal deaths and child growth. Journal of Infectious Diseases 2019; doi.org/10.1093/infdis/jiz664. PMID: 31832636 Scott EM, Magaret A, Kuypers J, Tielsch JM, Katz J, Khatry SK, Stewart L, Shrestha L, LeClerq SC, Englund JA, Chu HY. Risk factors and patterns of household clusters of respiratory viruses in rural Nepal. Journal of Epidemiology and Infection 2019; doi.org/10.1017/S0950268819001754. PMID: 31607271 Chen CCG, Avondstondt AM, Khatry SK, Singh M, Klasen EM, LeClerq SC, Katz J, Tielsch JM, Mullany LC. Prevalence of symptomatic urinary incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse among women in rural Nepal. International Urogynecology Journal 2019; doi.org/10.1007/s00192-019-04129-y. PMID: 31813031 Jiang X, Tarczy-Hornoch K, Stram D, Katz J, Friedman D, Tielsch J, Matsumura S, Saw SM, Mitchell P, Rose K, Cotter S, Varma R. Prevalence, Characteristics, and Risk Factors of Moderate/High Hyperopia among Multiethnic Children 6 to 72 Months Old – A Pooled Analysis of Individual Participant Data. Ophthalmology 2019; 126(7):989-999. doi: 10.1016/j.ophtha.2019.02.021. PMID: 30822446. Wills B, Klasen EM, Naithani N, Gilman RH, Tielsch JM, Chiang M, Khatry A, Breysse PN, Menya D, Apaka C, Carter EJ, Sherman CB, Miranda JJ, Checkley W; COCINAS Trial Working Group. Associations between household air pollution and cardiopulmonary outcomes may differ by type of pollutant. Environmental Health. Kuypers J, Chu HY, Gaydos CA, Katz J, Khatry SK, LeClerq SC, Shrestha L, Tielsch JM, Steinhoff MC, Englund JA. Molecular characterization of influenza viruses from women and infants in Sarlahi, Nepal. Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease 2019 3(4):305-310. doi: 10.1016/j.diagmicrobio.2018.11.004, PMID: 30528424. Murray A, Englund JA, Kuypers J, Tielsch JM, Katz J, Khatry SK, Leclerq SC, Chu HY. Infant pneumococcal carriage during influenza, RSV and hMPV respiratory illness within a maternal influenza immunization trial. Journal of Infectious Diseases 2019; 220(6):956-960. doi: 10.1093/infdis/jiz212 PMID: 31056697. Keay L, Lindsley K, Tielsch J, Katz J, Schein O. Routine preoperative medical testing for cataract surgery. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2019 Jan 8; 1:CD007293. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD007293.pub4. PMID: 30616299 Newman KL, Gustafson K, Englund JA, Katz J, Magaret A, Khatry S, LeClerq SC, Tielsch JM, Chu HY. Effect of diarrheal illness during pregnancy on adverse birth outcomes in Nepal. Open Forum Infectious Diseases 2019 Jan 14; 6(2) doi.org/10.1093/ofid/ofz011. PMID: 30793004 Boonyaratanakornkit J, Englund JA, Magaret AS, Bu Y, Tielsch J, Shrestha L, Khatry SK, LeClerq SC, Kuypers J, Katz J, Steinhoff MC, Chu HY. Primary and repeated respiratory viral infections among infants in rural Nepal. Journal of Pediatric Infectious Disease Society 2020; 9: 21-29 PMID: 30423150 West KP, Wu LS, Ali H, Klemm RDW, Edmond KM, Hurt L, Kirkwood B, Newton S, Shannon C, Taneja S, Mazumder S, Bhatia K, Bhandari N, Katz J, Tielsch JM, Humphrey J, Agoestina T, Soofi SB, Ariff S, Bhatti Z, Cousens S, Bhutta ZA, Ntozini R, Masanja H, Smith ER, Muhihi A, Fawzi W, Bahl R, Martines J, Yoshida S. Early neonatal vitamin A supplementation and infant mortality: an individual participant data meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Archives of Disease in Childhood 2019;104(3):217-226. doi: 10.1136/archdischild-2018-315242. PMID: 30425075 Humphrey JH, Mbuya MNN, Ntozini R, Moulton LH, Stoltzfus RJ, Tavengwa NV, Mutasa K, Majo F, Mutasa B, Mangwadu G, Chasokela E, Chigumira A, Smith LE, Tielsch JM, Jones A, Manges A. Maluccio J, Prendergast AJ, the SHINE Trial Team. Independent and combined effects of improved water, sanitation and hygiene, and improved complementary feeding, on child stunting and anemia in rural Zimbabwe: a cluster-randomized trial. Lancet Global Health 2019; 7:e132-147. doi: 10.1016/S2214-109X(18)30374-7. PMID: 30554749 Mazur NI, Horsley NM, Englund JA, Nederend M, Magaret A, Kumar A, Jacobino SR, de Haan X, Khatry SK, LeClerq S, Steinhoff MC, Tielsch JM, Katz J, Graham BS, Bont, LJ, Leusen JHW, Chu HY. Breast milk prefusion F IgG as a correlate of protection against respiratory syncytial virus acute respiratory illness. Journal of Infectious Diseases 2019 Jan 1; 219(1):59-67. doi: 10.1093/infdis/jiy477. PMID: 30107412 Cheng CY, Wang N, Wong TY, Congdon N, He M, Wang YX, Braithwaite T, Casson RJ, Cicinelli MV, Das A, Flaxman SR, Jonas JB, Keeffe JE, Kempen JH, Leasher J, Limburg H, Naidoo K, Pesudovs K, Resnikoff S, Silvester AJ, Tahhan N, Taylor HR, Bourne RRA; Vision Loss Expert Group of the Global Burden of Disease Study. Prevalence and causes of vision loss in East Asia in 2015: magnitude, temporal trends and projections. British Journal of Ophthalmology. 2019 Aug 28. pii: bjophthalmol-2018-313308. doi: 10.1136/bjophthalmol-2018-313308. PMID: 31462416 Nangia V, Jonas JB, George R, Lingam V, Ellwein L, Cicinelli MV, Das A, Flaxman SR, Keeffe JE, Kempen JH, Leasher J, Limburg H, Naidoo K, Pesudovs K, Resnikoff S, Silvester AJ, Tahhan N, Taylor HR, Wong TY, Bourne RRA; Vision Loss Expert Group of the Global Burden of Disease Study. Prevalence and causes of blindness and vision impairment: magnitude, temporal trends and projections in South and Central Asia. British Journal of Ophthalmology. 2019 Jul;103(7):871-877. doi: 10.1136/bjophthalmol-2018-312292. PMID: 30409914 Murray AF, Englund JA, Tielsch JM, Katz J, Shrestha L, Khatry SK, Carlin K, Leclerq SC, Steinhoff MC, Chu HY. Measles and rubella seroprevalence in mother-infant pairs in rural Nepal and the United States: pre- and post-elimination. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 2018 Nov; 99(5):1342-1345. PMID: 30403166 Chasekwa B, Maluccio JA, Ntozini R, Moulton LH, Wu F, Smith LE, Matare CR, Stoltzfus RJ, Mbuya MNN, Tielsch JM, Martin SL, Jones A, Humphrey J, Fielding K, the SHINE trial team. Measuring wealth in rural communities: lessons from the Sanitation, Hygiene, Infant Nutrition Efficacy (SHINE) Trial. PLOS One 2018 Jun 28;13(6): e0199393. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0199393. PMID: 29953495 Gupta A, Tielsch JM, Khatry SK, LeClerq SC, Mullany LC, Katz J. Ethnic and age differences in prediction of mortality by mid-upper arm circumference in children below 3 years of age in Nepal. Public Health Nutrition 2018; Apr 18:1-8. doi: 10.1017/S1368980018000940. PMID: 29667569 Uddin SMI, Englund J, Kuypers J, Chu H, Steinhoff M, Khatry S, LeClerq S, Tielsch J, Mullany L, Shrestha L, Katz J. Burden and risk factors for coronavirus infections in infants in rural Nepal. Clinical Infectious Diseases 2018 Oct 30; 67(10):1507-1514. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciy317. PMID: 29668900 Katz J, Englund JA, Steinhoff MC, Khatry SK, Shrestha L, Kuypers J, Mullany LC, Chu HY, LeClerq SC, Kozuki N, Tielsch JM. Impact of timing of influenza vaccination in pregnancy on transplacental antibody transfer, influenza incidence and birth outcomes; a randomized trial in rural Nepal. Clinical Infectious Diseases 2018 Jul 18; 67(3):334-340. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciy090. PMID: 29452372 Kozuki N, Mullany LC Khatry SK, Tielsch JM, LeClerq SC, Kennedy C, Katz J. Perceptions, careseeking, and experiences pertaining to non-cephalic births in rural Sarlahi District, Nepal: a qualitative study. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2018; 18: 89. doi: 10.1186/s12884-018-1724-2. PMID: 29636021 Kozuki N, Katz J, Englund JA, Steinhoff MC, Khatry SK, Shrestha L, Kuypers J, Mullany LC, Chu HY, Le Clerq SC, Tielsch JM. Impact of maternal vaccination timing and influenza virus circulation on birth outcomes in rural Nepal. International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics 2018; 140:65-72. PMID: 28984909 Summers A, Visscher M, Khatry SK, Sherchand JB, LeClerq SC, Katz J, Tielsch JM, Mullany LC. Indicators of skin barrier integrity among newborns massaged with mustard oil in rural Nepal. Journal of Perinatology 2018; 38:64-70. PMID: 29120456 Chu HY, Tielsch JM, Katz J, Magaret AS, Khatry SK, LeClerq SC, Shrestha L, Kuypers J, Steinhoff MC, Englund JA. Transplacental transfer of maternal respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) antibody and protection against RSV disease in infants in rural Nepal. Journal of Clinical Virology 2017; 95:90-95. PMID: 28903080 Katz J, Englund JA, Steinhoff MC, Khatry SK, Shrestha L, Kuypers J, Mullany LC, Chu HY, LeClerq SC, Kozuki N, Tielsch JM. Nutritional status of infants at six months of age following maternal influenza immunization: a randomized placebo-controlled trial in rural Nepal. Vaccine 2017; 35(48 pt B):6743-6750. PMID: 29100709 Hughes MM, Englund JA, Edwards K, Yoder S, Tielsch JM, Steinhoff M, Khatry SK, LeClerq SC, Katz J. Pertussis seroepidemiology in women and their infants in Sarlahi District, Nepal. Vaccine 2017; 35(48 PtB):6766:6773. PMID: 29037576 Flaxman SR, Bourne RRA, Resnikoff S, Ackland P, Braithwaite T, Cicinelli MV, Das A, Jonas JB, Keeffe J, Kempen JH, Leasher J, Limburg H, Naidoo K, Pesudovs K, Silvester A, Stevens GA, Tahhan N, Wong TY, Taylor HR; Vision Loss Expert Group of the Global Burden of Disease Study. Global causes of blindness and distance vision impairment 1990-2020: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet Glob Health. 2017; 5(12): e1221-e1234. PMID: 29032195 Lee ACC, Katz J, Kozuki N, Cousens S, Stevens GA, Blencowe H, Silveira MF, Sania A, Rosen HE, Adair LS, Baqui A, Barros F, Bhutta ZA, Caulfield LE, Christian P, Clarke S, Fawzi W, Gonzalez R, Humphrey J, Huybregts L, Kariuki S, Kolsteren P, Lusingu J, Manandhar D, Merialdi M, Mongkolchati A, Mullany LC, Ndyomugyeni R, Nien JK, Roberfroid D, Saville N, Schmiegelow C, Terlouw DJ, Tielsch JM, Victora CG, Velaphi SC, Watson-Jones D, Wiley BA, Ezzati M, Lawn JE, Black RE, for the CHERG- SGA Preterm Birth Working Group. Estimates of burden and consequences of infants born small for gestational age in low and middle income countries with Intergrowth-21 standard: analysis of CHERG datasets. BMJ 2017 Aug 17; 358:j3677. doi: 10.1136/bmj.j3677. PMID: 28819030 Bourne RRA, Flaxman SR, Braithwaite T, Cicinelli MV, Das A, Jonas JB, Keeffe J, Kempen JH, Leasher J, Limburg H, Naidoo K, Pesudovs K, Resnikoff S, Silvester A, Stevens GA, Tahhan N, Wong TY, Taylor HR; Vision Loss Expert Group. Magnitude, temporal trends, and projections of the global prevalence of blindness and distance and near vision impairment: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet Glob Health. 2017; 5(9):e888-e897. PMID: 28779882 Soneja SI, Tielsch JM, Khatry SK, Zaitchik B, Curriero FC, Breysse PN. Characterizing particulate matter exfiltration estimates for intervention cookstoves in a village-like household in rural Nepal. Environmental Management 2017; 60:797-808. PMID: 28801708 Lenahan JL, Englund JA, Katz J, Kuypers J, Wald A, Magaret A, Tielsch JM, Khatry SK, LeClerq SC, Shrestha L, Steinhoff MC, Chu HY. Human Metapneumovirus and other respiratory viral infections during pregnancy and birth, Nepal. Emerging Infectious Diseases 2017; 23(8):1341-1349. PMID: 28726613 Philpott EK, Englund JA, Tielsch J, Katz J, Khatry S, LeClerq SC, Shrestha L, Kuypers J, Steinhoff MC, Magaret A, Chu HY. Febrile rhinovirus illness during pregnancy is associated with low birth weight in Nepal. Open Forum Infectious Diseases 2017; 4(2):ofx073. doi: 10.1093/ofid/ofx073. PMID: 28584855 Steinhoff M, Katz J, Englund JA, Khatry SK, Shrestha L, Kuypers J, Stewart L, Mullany LC, Chu HY, LeClerq SC, Kozuki N, McNeal M, Reedy AM, Tielsch JM. Year-round influenza immunization in pregnancy: a randomized placebo-controlled trial in Nepal. Lancet Infectious Disease 2017; 17; 981-989. PMID: 28522338. Mullany LC, Arifeen SE, Khatry SK, Katz J, Shah R, Baqui AH, Tielsch JM. Impact of chlorhexidine cord cleansing on mortality, omphalitis, and cord separation time among facility-born babies in Nepal and Bangladesh. Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal 2017; 36:1011-1013. PMID: 28430753. Kozuki N, Katz J, Khatry SK, Tielsch JM, LeClerq SC, Mullany LC. Risk and burden of adverse intrapartum-related outcomes associated with non-cephalic and multiple birth in rural Nepal: a prospective cohort study. BMJ Open 2017; 7(4): e013099. PMID: 28428183 Hughes MM, Englund JA, Kuypers J, Tielsch JM, Khatry SK, Shrestha L, LeClerq SC, Steinhoff M, Katz J. Population-based pertussis incidence and risk factors in infants less than 6 months in Nepal. Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Disease Society 2017; 6:33-39. PMID: 28073985 Ellington LE, Gilman RH, Chavez MA, Marin-Concha J, Compen-Chang P, Riedel S, Rodriguez S, Gaydos C, Tielsch JM, Steinhoff M, Benson J, May E, Figueroa-Quintanilla D, Checkley W, for the Lung Ultrasound for Pneumonia Assessment Study Investigators. Lung ultrasound as a diagnostic tool for radiologically confirmed pneumonia in low resource settings. Respiratory Medicine 2017; 128:57-64. Chen CCG, Barry D, Khatry SK, Klasen EM, Singh M, LeClerq SC, Katz J, Tielsch JM, Mullany LC. Validation of an obstetric fistula screening questionnaire in rural Nepal: a community-based cross-sectional and nested case-control study with clinical examination. British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 2017; 124: 955-964. PMID: 27465702 Scrafford CG, Basnet S, Ansari I, Shrestha L, Shrestha S, Ghimire R, Katz J, Khatry SK, Checkley W, Shrestha M, Thapa SB, Kansakar P, Puree S, Todi V, Tielsch JM. Evaluation of digital auscultation to diagnose pneumonia in children 2-35 months of age in a clinical setting in Kathmandu, Nepal: a prospective case-control study. Journal of Pediatric Infectious Diseases 2016; 11: 28-36. Chen C, Zeger S, Breysse P, Katz J, Checkley W, Curriero FC, Tielsch JM. Estimating indoor PM2.5 and CO concentrations in households in southern Nepal: the Nepal Cookstove Intervention Trials. PLOS One 07 Jul 2016; 11:e0157984. PMID: 27389398 Kozuki N, Mullany LC, Khatry SK, Ghimire RK, Paudel S, Blakemore K, Bird C, Tielsch JM, LeClerq SC, Katz J. Accuracy of home-based sonographic diagnosis of obstetric risk factors by primary-level health care workers in rural Nepal. Obstetrics and Gynecology 2016; 128: 604-612. PMID: 27500343 Chu HY, Katz J, Tielsch J, Khatry SK, Shrestha L, LeClerq SC, Magaret A, Kuypers J, Steinhoff M, Englund JA. Respiratory syncytial virus infection in infants in rural Nepal. Journal of Infection 2016; 73: 145-154. PMID: 27241525 Hodgins S, Tielsch J, Rankin K, Robinson A, Kearns A, Caglia J. A new look at care in pregnancy: simple interventions for neglected populations. PLOS One 18 Aug 2016; 11:e0160562. PMID: 27537281 Chu HY, Katz J, Tielsch J, Khatry SK, LeClerq S, Magaret A, Kuypers J, Steinhoff M, Englund JA. Clinical presentation and birth outcomes associated with respiratory syncytial virus infection in pregnancy. PLOS One 2016; 11(3):e0152015. PMID: 27031702 Kozuki N, Katz J, Khatry SK, Tielsch JM, LeClerq SC, Mullany LC. Community survey on awareness and utilization of obstetric ultrasonography in rural Sarlahi District, Nepal. International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics 2016; 134: 126-130. PMID: 27207109. Hughes M, , Katz J, Englund J, Khatry SK, Shrestha L, LeClerq SC,, Steinhoff M, Tielsch JM. Infant vaccination timing: beyond traditional coverage metrics for maximizing impact of vaccine programs, an example from southern Nepal. Vaccine 2016; 34(7): 933-41. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2015.12.061. PMID: 26788880 Scrafford CG, Tielsch JM. Women’s health in low and middle income countries: Beyond maternal mortality. Journal of Women’s Health 2016; 25(3):242-8. doi: 10.1089/jwh.2015.5402. PMID: 26938968 Soneja SI, Tielsch JM, Khatry SK, Curriero FC, Breysse PN. Highlighting uncertainty and recommendations for improvement of black carbon biomass fuel based emission inventories in the Indo-Gangetic plain region. Current Environmental Health Reports 2016; 3:73-80. Patel SA, Sherman SG, Khatry SK, LeClerq SC, Katz J, Tielsch JM, Christian P. An index of community-level socioeconomic composition for global health research. Social Indicators Research 2016; 129(2): 639-658.